Green hydrogen: Green hydrogen at the heart of the fight against climate change
India’s renewable energy capacity is increasing, but “it can help reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 45-50%, this is where green hydrogen comes in,” Science Minister said and Technology Jitender Singh at the inaugural session of the International Climate Summit, 2021.
Providing a practical basis for the plan to focus on hydrogen as part of the clean energy transition was the pillar of the one-day conference, organized by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry PHD in partnership with the Indian government, on the topic ‘Powering India’s Hydrogen Ecosystem’.
The event, just two months before the UN-sponsored climate meeting in Glasgow, provided a platform for the global clean energy industry and other stakeholders to engage and identify opportunities for international partnerships.
“Climate change knows no borders. Our common challenge is to reduce emissions while ensuring affordable and secure energy for all. We must cooperate across borders to achieve our goals, ”said Tina Bru, Norwegian Minister of Oil and Energy in her video speech.
Partnerships for the development of hydrogen as an important component of the energy basket and the transition to a carbon-free economy were among the issues raised by UK Minister and COP 26 President Alok Sharma during his visit to India in August.
Building on the economic potential of green hydrogen, Bru said the change will open up opportunities for new industries, jobs and economic growth. “Hydrogen has the potential to achieve low to zero emission solutions in the transport, industry and shipping sectors, thus creating a base for many green jobs,” said the Norwegian minister.
The conference builds on Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s announcement of a national hydrogen mission in his Independence Day speech. Emphasizing the need for self-sufficiency to meet energy demand and the urgent need to tackle climate change, Modi spoke about India’s transformation into a global hub of green hydrogen for production and exports.
“Green hydrogen will not only allow us to reduce emissions but also help India in several verticals and align with PM Modi’s vision of our nation being self-sufficient,” Singh said in his speech. Calling attention to the opportunities, the Minister of Science and Technology said: “We have the capacity and the capability to facilitate clean hydrogen energy for the world; now is the right time to take action and create a world worth thriving in.
Echoing the sentiments, Ashwini Choubey, Minister of State at the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, said: “The need of the hour is to create a publication on a knowledge book titled ‘Autonomous India – Harnessing the power of hydrogen ”. A guide to energy transformation from fossil fuels towards greener options, the book is the result of an Indo-Norwegian collaboration.
The summit aimed to serve as an engagement platform to build partnerships and an ecosystem for green hydrogen. Initiatives focusing on knowledge sharing, capacity building, industry and manufacturing, collaboration in research and development, transformation of the transport sector were announced at the summit.
To improve access to information, the National Hydrogen Portal, a one-stop shop for accessing hydrogen research and development, was launched. Norway and India have announced plans to create collaborative hydrogen competence centers. Established jointly by government institutions and agencies, industry and research institutes from both countries, the focus is on capacity building, thereby creating a skilled workforce of engineers and technicians who will be the backbone of the hydrogen ecosystem.
With the aim of ensuring that hydrogen-based solutions are adopted at scale and recognizing that no country or company could offer solutions across the hydrogen value chain, the summit proposed the establishment of an International Hydrogen Alliance.
On the commercial front, joint ventures aimed at accelerating fuel cell manufacturing, storage and transportation applications have been proposed. The transport sector has become a priority area. The idea is to explore the use of hydrogen as a fuel for the transportation sector, including local public passenger transport, heavy road transport and commercial vehicles, as well as marine, rail and possibly l ‘aviation.